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Tagalog Plurals & the Use of “Po”

This post includes a chart of singular and plural pronouns for reference. In addition, there is the audio for some of the plural pronouns. If it is not noted, the phrases listed in the themes area are primarily directed to a single person or can be universally for both singular or plural. Any phrase you see with a (+2) indicates that the phrase is directed to 2 or more people when speaking to them. For many of the sentences, the singular pronoun can be swapped out for the plural phrases without changing the sentence structure. We also include any exceptions where the order of the words is moved within a sentence.

If this chart is overwhelming, don’t worry too much about it at this moment. For now, focus on hearing the recorded phrases and getting accustomed to how they sound, rather than overthinking rules.

(Next project for near future: I plan to color code the pronouns in the guides and flashcards so you can quickly know when you can swap out words to make them singular or plural).

You — Ikaw




You (+2) – Kayo



You — Ka



You (+2) – Kayo



You (I to you)– Kita



You (I to you) (+2) — Ko Kayo



Belongs to (person) — Kay



Belongs to (+2 people) — Kina



He/She— Siya



They (+2) — Sila



His/Her— Kaniya



Their (+2) — Kanila


Your – Mo



Your (+2) — Niyo



To you — Iyo



To you (+2) — Inyo


For you – Sa’yo



For you (+2) — Sa inyo


The words below indicate plural pronouns.

Us (You + I) — Tayo



We (Other people + I) — Kami



Our — Natin (including person who you are speaking to)



Our — Namin (excluding person who you are speaking to)

The use of “po” for respect

In Filipino culture, it is important to show respect when speaking to elders. It can be children and adolescents to their elders, and even adults speaking to their elders. One way to do this is to use “po” when addressing others formally and respectfully.

Po