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Tagalog Plurals & the Use of “Po”

This post includes a chart of singular and plural pronouns for reference. In addition, there is the audio for some of the plural pronouns. If it is not noted, the phrases listed in the themes area are primarily directed to a single person or can be universally for both singular or plural. Any phrase you see with a (+2) indicates that the phrase is directed to 2 or more people when speaking to them. For many of the sentences, the singular pronoun can be swapped out for the plural phrases without changing the sentence structure. We also include any exceptions where the order of the words is moved within a sentence.

If this chart is overwhelming, don’t worry too much about it at this moment. For now, focus on hearing the recorded phrases and getting accustomed to how they sound, rather than overthinking rules.

(Next project for near future: I plan to color code the pronouns in the guides and flashcards so you can quickly know when you can swap out words to make them singular or plural).

You — Ikaw

You (+2) – Kayo

You — Ka

You (+2) – Kayo

You (I to you)– Kita

You (I to you) (+2) — Ko Kayo

Belongs to (person) — Kay

Belongs to (+2 people) — Kina

He/She— Siya

They (+2) — Sila

His/Her— Kaniya

Their (+2) — Kanila

Your – Mo

Your (+2) — Niyo

To you — Iyo

To you (+2) — Inyo

For you – Sa’yo

For you (+2) — Sa inyo

The words below indicate plural pronouns.

Us (You + I) — Tayo

We (Other people + I) — Kami

Our — Natin (including person who you are speaking to)

Our — Namin (excluding person who you are speaking to)

The use of “po” for respect

In Filipino culture, it is important to show respect when speaking to elders. It can be children and adolescents to their elders, and even adults speaking to their elders. One way to do this is to use “po” when addressing others formally and respectfully.


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